Visigoths, Romans, mulsumans, Christians: the history of Trujillo has many mixtures of peoples, generations and cultures. But its development, and of course its importance for the Spanish crown, began in 1232, with the definitive taking of the town by the Christians.
From there, Trujillo grew in population, economically and politically, becoming strategic in the area. Today, the city is famous for being the birthplace of great Spanish conquerors: Francisco Pizarro, Francisco de Orellana, Alonso de Hinojosa, Diego Garcia de Paredes, Gaspar de Carvajal, Francisco and Gonzalo de las Casas, along with other surnames such as Chaves , Monroy, Altamirano or Calderón. All of them, at some point, are connected with the most outstanding and decisive episodes of the discovery and conquest of America. When the new wealth arrived at Trujillo, due to the colonization, it was felt in urbanism, by financing the construction of huge palaces and manor houses, enabling the construction of chapels and hospitals. Thanks to this heritage, today the town has many monuments to see, providing who wants to know a little of the past of Spain, incredible stories and precious sites.
At a distance of 35 minutes by car from Cáceres, Trujillo is located in the autonomous province of Extremadura and has a beautiful old town, an Arab castle, museums, palaces and churches to visit.
Here are 5 reasons to get to know Trujillo and its surroundings:
1-Plaza Mayor: The Plaza Mayor is undoubtedly the center of everything. Full of palaces and asymmetrical (not square like the main squares are), the most outstanding is the church of San Martín and under it the monument to Francisco Pizarro, the most illustrious son of the town. From the tower of the church you can see the clock and from there you can make a tour of all the palaces around: Palace of the Dukes of San Carlos, in front of the door of Limas; Palace of the Marquis of Piedras Albas, Palace of the Marquis of la Conquista (built by Hernando Pizarro, Brother of Francisco), Palacio de los Chaves-Orellana (called House of Chains). Also, in the square are many restaurants and taverns, which are filled with terrazzas in summer. There are also many shops with typical and gastronomic products, with the best of Extremaduran food.
2-The narrow and enterprising streets: the historical center amazes those who are willing to walk and look for charming corners. There is always something to see: an old Muslim pool, Arab cisterns, the church of Santa Maria la Mayor (built on a mosque aljama), houses of stones that hide gardens. But if you prefer, you can climb the tourist train of Trujillo that makes a route through the monumental area from the Plaza Mayor, next to the Palace of the Conquest. A very recommendable walk, especially for children.
3- The Tower of the Pin, Museum of the Coria and House Museum of Pizarro: The Tower of Alfiler is a military bastion located to the N. of the Square, since in its medieval origins it was constructed like defensive tower, forming part of the wall of The alcazaba. Today, it offers the visitor an Interpretation Center of the History of Trujillo, where it is possible to know a little more about the origins of the Town. The Coria Museum was a former Franciscan convent and now shows us the connections that had the city and the discovery and colonization in America. And the Casa Museo de Pizarro, of course, we love with the history of life and conquests of the most famous character of the city.
4-Castillo de Trujillo: The Castle of Trujillo is located at the highest point of the town and has beautiful views from there. You can look to the distance in all directions, and discover the charms of the Extremadura landscape as well as the set of old houses that are below. The castle is of Arab origin and was built with masonry and mortar on an ancient mulsumana fortress during the 13th century. The walled enclosure has a rectangular shape with towers and crenellated walls, and is seated on the hill called Cabezo de Zoro. Within the walls it is possible to enter one of the towers and find a chapel dedicated to the image of Nuestra Señora de la Victoria, patrón saint of the municipality. The funny thing is that the image is showing the back to whom is there. But at the entrance of the castle, on the outside, you can see, through a glass, the saint in front …
5-National Park of Monfragüe: Near the city, to the north, is the National Park of Monfragüe, one of the 15 national parks of Spain and the main one of Extremadura. With 17,852 has. of forest and Mediterranean scrub, it crosses two rivers: the Tagus and the Tiétar. The dehesa and reservoirs are part of the whole and the area is very sought after for hiking. The park also has a rich vegetation, a castle and is very important for bird watching.
Do not miss the gazpacho of cherries and ajoblanco and of course the ham of pigs fed with acorn, created in the pastures near the Town. The area also offers quality wines from different wineries, especially those coming from Bodegas Habla.
For more information: https://www.turismotrujillo.es/